Details of task: Impulsivity, or ‘ill-planned behaviour,’ is linked to a number of problem behaviours and conditions including substance abuse, ADHD, psychopathology and suicide. Like many psychological constructs, impulsivity is multifaceted and can be defined and measured in a number of different ways. For example impulsivity can be measured using a self-report questionnaire or an objective neuropsychological test. The measure may also tap into state or trait impulsivity or both. This means that any one individual could achieve vastly different impulsivity scores depending on the impulsivity measure that is used. There are a number of different situations in which obtaining an accurate impulsivity score is very important. Such situations could include a behavioural assessment of a child, an assessment of suicide risk or diagnosis of a psychological disorder.
“Discuss and critique the different tests of impulsivity, their features and their utility in different assessment scenarios.”
In discussing these tests, consider features such as the design of the test, reliability and validity, advantages and disadvantages, and scenarios in which the test is most/least appropriate.
Cyders, M. A., & Coskunpinar, A. (2011). Measurement of constructs using self-report and behavioral lab tasks: Is there overlap in nomothetic span and construct representation for impulsivity? Clinical Psychology Review, 31, 965-982.
Cyders, M. A., & Coskunpinar, A. (2012). The relationship between self-report and lab task conceptualizations of impulsivity. Journal of Research in Personality, 46, 121-124.
Perales, J. C., Verdejo-Gracia, A., Moya, M., Lozano, O., & Perez-Garcia, M. (2009). Bright and dark sides of impulsivity: Performance of women with high and low trait impulsivity on neuropsychological tasks. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology, 31(8), 927-944.
Verdejo-Gracia, A., Lozano, O., Moya, M., Alcazar, M. A., & Perez-Garcia, M. (2010). Psychometric Properties of a Spanish Version of the UPPS–P Impulsive Behavior Scale: Reliability, Validity and Association With Trait and Cognitive Impulsivity. Journal of Personality Assessment, 92(1), 70-77.
Word limit: 2350 words plus 150 words for the abstract (2500 in total). This word limit includes in text citations and headings. The references, any tables/figures, abstract and title page are not included in the word count. The abstract has its own separate word limit of
150 words. There is no 10% leeway on the word limit for the abstract or the whole report. There is no fixed word count for each section of the essay. However, a rough guideline to follow is: Introduction – 10-15% of the word count, Body – 70-80% of the word count, Conclusion – 10-15% of the word count. The marker will stop reading the essay once the word limit has been reached. Any content exceeding the word limit will not be assessed.
Presentation requirements: The essay should follow the guidelines provided in Findlay (2015) on essay (or literature review) writing. It should include a title, abstract, introduction, body, conclusion, and references. Further information regarding structuring an essay can be found at http://www.monash.edu/lls/llonline/writing/general/essay/index.xml. You will be required to present your essay in APA format. Use the marking rubric (below) to guide your writing.
Criteria for marking:
Title (3 marks)
You should come up with your own title (don’t just use the essay question/topic). The title should be brief (less than 20 words) and it should address the key themes/topics of the essay.
Abstract (6 marks)
The abstract should succinctly outline the essay question, the key arguments/themes in the essay and conclusion of the essay. If the abstract is too long the marker will stop reading when the word limit is reached. The abstract is a critical component of any paper, many readers will decide whether to read a published article based on the abstract.
Introduction (5 marks)
The introduction should outline how the essay question will be answered. This is achieved by highlighting the key points that will be addressed. The introduction should also highlight the importance of the essay topic.
Body (14 marks)
The body of the essay discusses in detail each of the key points in the essay. These key points should be directly relevant to the essay question (that is they are required in order to address the essay question). There are a number of key elements of a good essay body:
●Inclusion of an appropriate number of key arguments so as to investigate the topic in depth
●Inclusion of a detailed description and critique of scientific literature thus providing comprehensive arguments. Research should be synthesised and critically analysed.
●A clear demonstration that extensive research was used and understood in preparing the essay
●Appropriate and adequate use of supporting literature
●The use of scientific language with the provision of definitions for key terms
●A logical structure in how the content is addressed
●Clarity of expression with correct spelling and grammar
Conclusion (5 marks)
The conclusion summarises the main points from the essay. In doing so the conclusion should logically follow from the evidence presented within the essay. The key arguments should be synthesised and should address the essay question. The conclusion should not contain any new information or arguments. Having provided a summary, the conclusion should raise suggestions for future research based on the review of the literature provided in the essay body.
APA formatting (2 marks)