For the first response you must: Respond to at least one of your classmates’ from the opposing belief with a critical evaluation of their argument. Comment on the accuracy and clarity of their post and ask follow-up questions if necessary. Your responses should be based on your research and not on your opinion. Tawana Parker My last name is Parker therefore my initial post has to state that I believe there are no biases in standardized tests. In order to be tested on educational material preparations have to be made. What preparations are made for students before standardized testing is initiated? Are there opportunities for extra help if an individual doesn’t quite understand the material being presented before the test? To answer the first question about preparations, lets us be reminded of one big preparation that is offered to all children regardless of culture, race, sex, or socioeconomic status; free public education. To answer the second question pertaining to extra assistance being offered before testing, that answer would be yes. Not only does the teacher offer tutoring or resources within the class and school to get a better understanding of the materials being presented; including extra practice, there are also some free resources available in the community to assist students with extra practice in each subject being studied in school. Because of the opportunity for each child to obtain the same free education and access the extra resources to enlighten the material already presented, the standardized tests are not culturally biased. Each child is given the chance to attend school; engage in a free educational environment that prepares them for the exact same test. There is no cultural bias in same opportunities. It is a case of utilizing information and preparing ahead of time. Reference http://edglossary.org/test-bias/ (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. http://nrcgt.uconn.edu/wp-content/ (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. http://www.education.com/reference/article/cultural-bias-in-testing/ (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.